Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir is one of the most beautiful Valleys in the world. Indian leadership violation of the human rights of the valley covering the area of 86,000 square miles and famous for its beautiful lakes, meadows, and snow-capped mountains.
When India and Pakistan get their freedom from Britain in august 1947, the territory was hotly contested. According to the India act 1935, the Kashmir was free to join either India or Pakistan. The Maharaja Hari Singh initially wanted Kashmir to become independent. But later, in October 1947 he wanted to join with India, But the public wanted to join with Pakistan. So, the region remains disputed, not only between India and Pakistan, but a significant area of Kashmir has been claimed by China as well.
The War situation has erupted and India and Pakistan, both approached the United Nations (UN) asking it to mediate and resolve the issue. The United Nations recommended a referendum to settle the question. The question of whether the state would join India or Pakistan. However, India and Pakistan could not agree to a deal to demilitarise the region before the referendum could be held.
In July 1949, India and Pakistan signed an agreement to establish a ceasefire line as recommended by the United Nations in the region became divided. After further fighting between India and Pakistan war of 1965 and 1971, the Simla agreement formally established the line of control between the two nations controlled territories. In 1999 armed conflict between India and Pakistan broke out again in the Kargil war and Indian leadership violation remained unchanged.
Since 1989, Kashmiri protest movements were created to voice Kashmiri’s disputes and grievances with the Indian leadership in the Indian controlled Kashmir valley with some Kashmiri separatists in armed conflict with the Indian government based on the demand of the self-determination.
The 2010s were marked by further unrest erupted In the Kashmir valley. The 2010 unrest began after an alleged fake encounter between the local youth and security forces thousands of youths pelted security forces with rocks, burned government offices, and attacked railway stations and official vehicles in steadily intensifying violence. The Indian government blamed separatists and Lashkar-e-Taiba, a Pakistan based militant group, for stoking the 2010 protest. The 2016 Kashmir unrest erupted after killing of Hizbul Mujahideen, militant Burhan Wani, by Indian security forces, further unrest erupted after the 2019 Pulwama attack.
According to scholars, Indian forces have committed many human right cases of abuse and acts of terror against Kashmiri civilian population including extrajudicial killing, rape, torture and enforced disappearances. According to the Amnesty International, no member of the Indian military deployed in Jammu and Kashmir has been tried for human rights violations in a civilian court as of June 2015, although there have been military court-martials held. Amnesty International has also accused the Indian government of refusing to prosecute perpetrators of abuses in the region.
On 5th August 2019, The Indian government of Hindu Nationalist party BJP (Bhartiya Janata Party) revoked the article 370 of 35 A and remove the special status of Kashmir. Which is clear stunt of Indian leadership violation of human rights. As BJP promised in their 2019 election campaign manifesto, and they imposed the curfew in the Heaven valley (Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir) and lock down all types of the communication including internet, public gatherings were also banned and the tourists were told to leave the Kashmir valley under warnings of terror threat, and Indian leadership violation of human rights began with sending around 1 million of Indian army troops to the valley. About 1 Million soldiers are in valley and has converted the Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir Valley into the big open jail. The political leaders of Jammu and Kashmir were placed under house arrest including two former chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti, and many other young civilians were also arrested. Indian forces are using pellet guns with these guns the innocent peoples of Kashmir are losing their eyes.
Pakistan fiercely condemned this act of Indian government and vowing to exercise its all possible options against it. Pakistan downgraded the diplomatic ties with India and sent back their High commissioner Ajay Bisaria and also suspended all trade. India responded by saying they regretted Pakistan’s statement and reiterating the article 370 was an internal matter as it did not interface with boundaries of the country.
Within the territory, many do not want it to be governed by India preferring either independence or union with Pakistan instead. Religion is one of the factors Jammu and Kashmir have more than 60% of their populations are Muslims making it the only state where Muslims have the majority. They want to change the demographics of the territory and want to change the Muslims into the minority.
Pakistan wants peace in the region that’s why Prime Minister Imran khan decided to resolve this issue through diplomacy and started to contact with other country’s heads and also raised the issue in the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and OIC calls the immediate conference on the request of Pakistan.
Nowadays on 27th September Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan delivered speech in United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) In new York America his speech was more 45 minutes long speech was intense criticism of India for its continued restrictions imposed in valley and on 5th august India went against the resolutions of United Nations Security Council which says that Kashmir is disputed territory and peoples of Kashmir has all the rights of self-determination, he said they went against the Simla accord which is about sorting out our differences through bilateral means, they also went against the Indian constitution. Illegally they have revoked the article 370 which gave Kashmiri’s special status. He said that the answer how to anyone can do something like this lies the RSS ideology followed by PM Modi, he also explained about RSS that PM Modi is a lifetime member of RSS, it is an organization inspired by Hitler Nazi ideology, they believe in the racial purity and Hindu superiority, they believe in the ethnic cleansing of Muslims.
He further said that when the curfew will be lifted from Occupied Jammu and Kashmir then what will be the consequences? What Modi Sarkar is thinking that after the curfew, would the people of Indian occupied Jammu and Kashmir will sit silently? There is expected to be a blood bath, the people will come out. He said that two nuclear countries will come face to face, before this the UN has a responsibility to sort it out this issue and give rights of the self-determination to Kashmir’s peoples. If a conventional war happens between two countries, supposing a country which is seven-time smaller, we have two option either we surrendered or we fight, then we will fight till the end. When a nuclear country fights till the end it has consequences far beyond the borders. This is the test for the UN, you are the one who guaranteed the Kashmiri’s the right of the self-determination.
Note: The author was supervised By Mr Farhan Ali Soomro (PhD Scholar) & Teaching Assistant Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur.
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