With the rapid and dynamic change in the human population, the food industry has also started expanding its boundaries with the help of research and technology. Aquaculture technology is also the part of this expanded efforts of scholars and scientists. The expansion in the field is much essential and considered as a core need of time. This help to reduce the use of natural resources like water and land and also help to preserve nature. Discussing Biofloc fish farming in Pakistan, BFT comes first. Biofloc Technology (BFT) is a technique to improve the water quality in aquaculture through balancing the amount of Carbon (C) and Nitrogen (N) which help in producing proteinaceous feed in the water. This proteinaceous feed becomes an autogenerated best feed for the fish species and helps them to grow faster.
Biofloc fish farming is one of the successful and most profitable businesses in Pakistan. With it, Pakistan not only fulfils its personal requirements of the consumption of fish species but also able to fulfil the orders from beyond the borders. The conventual fish farming is quite expensive and unproductive in contrast to the Biofloc fish farming with the help of Biofloc technology (BFT). Now it needs to understand how Biofloc Technology actually works? And is Biofloc fish farming a really successful business in Pakistan?
In this article these questions will mainly be addressed:
- What is Biofloc Technology (BFT)? And how it Works?
- Is Biofloc fish farming a really successful business in Pakistan?
- What is the feasibility of Biofloc fish farming in Pakistan?
These questions are addressed in detail as follows:
What is Biofloc Technology (BFT)? And how it Works?
Biofloc Technology (BFT) is an environment-friendly technique used for the production of situ microorganisms. These microorganisms are produced as a hygienic food for the fish species. Because of this technique, fish farming requires zero or minimum exchange of water. Because of this technique helps in balancing the level of Nitrogen and Carbon in the water which are really essential for the production of microorganisms and bacteria’s sot that to feed the fish species (as natural feed) and save cost on feeding them with artificially produced feed.
Is Biofloc fish farming a really successful business in Pakistan?
This is really important to know Biofloc fish farming success factor in Pakistan. Pakistan is one of under developing countries. The country is equipped with comparatively fewer expertise resources. So, individual and the SMEs struggle and work at their own to build the related expertise by exercising consistently and learn this expertise on their own. So, people here in Pakistan are capable enough to gather the necessary information from valid sources, and have already executed and have started working on Biofloc fish farming using Biofloc Technology. 10 different cases have been gone through regarding the people and SMEs who have stated or have shifted from conventional farming to Biofloc fish farming. 10 out of 10 have confirmed that they are quite successful and satisfied with the right and in time decision of stating Biofloc fish farming in Pakistan. This made it 100% success rate which is quite significant to be considered.
What is the feasibility of Biofloc fish farming in Pakistan?
Biofloc fish farming requires few Biofloc Technology tools and a water tank which need to be at least 12 by 12 feet. The total cost for 500 fish species is given as follows:
The Fixed Cost:
- A 13 by 13 feet tank may cost in the range of Rs. 30,000 to 40,000
- A motor connected with 2 solar plates which can induct air in the water tank as an essential part of Biofloc technology BFT will cost Rs. 30,000
- BFT equipment and water quality testing kit will cost Rs 10,000.
The rest is the operational cost and it varies depending on where you stating this project. Like if an individual is starting it in his/her home, this operational cost will be just insignificant in comparison to taking it out of the home. One tank of 13 by 13 feet is enough to make your project commercialized.