Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA), Second Caliph of Islam – Biography

Hazrat Umar Farooq RA the second Caliph of Islam

Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) was born in 584 in Macca city of Saudi Arab. His father’s name was Khattab ibn Nufayl. He was one of the most powerful and influential persons in the Quraish tribe and strictly follower of his ancestors’ religion. He knew martial arts, war tactics, and moreover, he was a trader and a merchant as well. Hazrat Umar was initially an opponent of Islam and was a strong believer of his ancestors’ religion.

Historians have narrated one of the famous story fo Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) that, once he thought to end up the Islam and departed from his home in the intention to assassinate Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Before that he first went to see his sister and her husband. Because Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) heard nUmarous rumours of his sister and her husband of being accepted the Islam. In times, the Quraish tribe was divided into the groups, and Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) wanted harmony and unity in the Quraish.

But when he came to know that his own sister has converted into Islam, so he went there to confirm the depth of the rumours. When he enters in his sister’s home, she was reciting the Holy verses from Qur’an and asked her to narrate what she was reading from the Holy Qura’an. When she recited a few verses from the Holy Book of ALLAH, they inspired the brave man of the Quraish tribe and become the reason for him to accept Islam.

Before that, Quriesh spread rumours that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is either a poet or a magician. Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) went to see himself to the Prophet, and he found the fact that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is neither a poet nor a magician. He found Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) a real messenger of ALLAH Almighty. But, Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) never wanted to leave his ancestors traditions and religion. He never wanted to split the Quraish tribe into two parts on the bases of religious matters.

6th year of revealed prophethood, Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) accepted Islam in the hands of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). After that Muslims openly started preaching the message of Islam. Muhammad’s followers spread widely in each corner of the world. They sacrificed their previous beliefs, wealth, homes, families, and even lives for the sake of Islam.

Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) fought various wars for Islam. In the war of Tabook, he presented half of his personal assets as his contribution to serving the Muslim Ummah in times of need.

Muslims were openly offering prayer in masjid ul Haram.

 Abdullah bin Masoud quoted that Umar’s embracing Islam was a great victory of Islam, his migration to Medina was our success, and his reign was a blessing from Allah. We didn’t offer prayers in Al-Haram Mosque until Umar had accepted Islam. When he accepted Islam, the Quraysh were compelled to let us pray in the Mosque.

Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) ordered to his companions to migrate to Madina, Quraish announced if someone intended to migrate to Madina he will be assassinated. At that occasion, Hazrat Umar loudly announced,

Anyone who wants to make his wife a widow and his children orphans should come and meet me there behind that cliff.

Hazrat Umar (R.A) migrated to Madina accompanied with his cousin and brother-inlaw Hazrat Saeed ibn Zaid. On 8 June 632 AD, Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) initially didn’t really believe that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has died, he was so intense that he believed that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has gone to meet with Allah Almighty. At that occasion, Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) said:

If someone said, “Muhammad (PBUH) is died ” I will kill him.

Several days later Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) told Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) to accept the death of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). Hazrat Abu Bakar (RA) appointed Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) as the second caliph of Islam with the acceptance of majority. Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA) was not papular among the notable of Madina due to strict and autocratic nature of leadership. He expended the boundaries of Islam far along with the great empires of those times. With the help of his leadership skills, he made things smooth and justifiable. The accountability, justice and basic rights to the people were the main contributions of his reign.

Hazrat Umar Farooq’s (RA) general instructions to his officers

Remember, I have not appointed you as commanders and tyrants over the people. I have sent you as leaders instead, so that the people may follow your example. Give the Muslims their rights and do not beat them lest they become abused. Do not praise them unduly, lest they fall into the error of conceit. Do not keep your doors shut in their faces, lest the more powerful of them eat up the weaker ones. And do not behave as if you were superior to them, for that is tyranny over them

Note: The author was supervised By Mr Farhan Ali Soomro (PhD Scholar) & Teaching Assistant Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Management Sciences, Shah Abdul Latif University, Khairpur.

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11 Thoughts to “Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA), Second Caliph of Islam – Biography”

  1. […] Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA), Second Caliph of Islam – Biography […]

  2. Himath Ali

    Hazrat Umar a.s The Great worrior of islam

  3. Hazrat Umar Ibn-Al-Khattab was one of the most powerful and influential muslim caliph.

    Here i am going to tell you something about Hazrat Umar (R.A) in this comment . There are lots of things which can describe him and can learn about his early life, bravery, acceptance of Islam.
    Hazrat Umar (R.A) was one of the educated people in Quraish family in that period of time when only a few people were literate and could read & write. He also got familiar with the art and science of genetics and knew the history of the Arabia. He was very brave; Umar (R.A) was a well-known famous wrestler, debater, and a spirited person in his youth time. He was also famous for his flawless horse-riding skills. He was an intelligent person and a renowned public speaker and successful ambassador of Quraish.

    1. Atteque Ahmed

      Now the here i am going to tell something about Hazrat Umar farooq (R.A) in this message. There are lots of things which can be describe him and can learn about his early life, Hazrat Umar farooq was born in Mecca to the Banu Adi clan, which was responsible for the arbitration among the tribes.His father was Khattab ibn Nufayl and his mother was Hantama bint Hisham.from the tribe of Banu Makhzum. In his youth he used to tend to his father’s camels in the plains near Mecca. His merchant father was famed for his intelligence among his tribe. Hazrat  Umar farooq himself said: that “My father, Al-Khattab was a ruthless man. He used to make me work hard; if I didn’t work he used to beat me and he is used to work me to exhaustion.Despite literacy being uncommon in pre-Islamic Arabia, Umar learned to read and write in his youth. Though not a poet himself, he developed a love for poetry and the literature According to the tradition of Quraish, while still in his teenage years, hazrat umar farooq learned martial arts, horse riding and wrestling. He was tall, physically powerful and a renowned wrestler.

    2. Tariq Hussain Memon

      HAZRAT UMAR FAROOQ (R.A)
      This article is totally tells us the life hostorty of Hazrat Umar Farooq ( R.A)
      Hazrat umar farooq belong to quraish in makkah. hazrat ar farooq is the second caliph of islam Hazrat umar farooq led a very simple life.
      Hazrat Isam Farooq ate a very simple food.
      Hazrat Umar Farooq not consider himself the caliph but only he consider him self as a servent of the people .
      Hazrat usamr farooq consider rhe one of the best personelity and role model for muslim from different angles .
      Hazrat umar farooq was a nonmuslim initialy but after some time pass then he accept isalm

  4. Shahroz Ali

    This article is known as the best article from my side,because this article express the real life of hazart umar,how he make make great contribution for Islam,and how he has spent his whole life for Islam.
    All khulfi Rashdeen are dare to us because they were campinion of holy prophet,but Hazart Umar also one of them,he was initially non muslim ,but after some years he convert to islam,Hazart Umar played vital role in spreading islam ,when he was non muslim that time our holy prophet preach hiddenly,but when he accept the islam holy prophet preach openly.
    He proved to be good islamic hero,he make good ,administration system,police system,bait ul maal,homes for poor children,this islamic hreo remaim always in our hearts,we pray from Allah to give a life to act according Hazart umar and become good muslim.
    This islamic hero was assisnated by non Muslim freoz,Hazart umar remain three days injured and passed away on first date and first month of islamic calendar.

  5. Shahroz Ali

    Hazrat Umar also known as great hero of islam .

  6. Muhammad Yasir

    Hazrat Umar Ibn-Al-Khattab was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs. Hazrat Umar (R.A) was one of the educated people in Quraish family in that period of time when only a few people were literate and could read & write. He also got familiar with the art and science of genetics and knew the history of the Arabia. He was very brave; Umar (R.A) was a well-known famous wrestler, debater, and a spirited person in his youth time. He was also famous for his flawless horse-riding skills. He was an intelligent person and a renowned public speaker and successful ambassador of Quraish.

  7. Syed Usman Shah

    Hazrat Umar is one of the best leader and Caliph of islam as i am the Student of Shah Abdul latif University i seek that, He was 13 years younger than the Holy Prophet Muhammadsa and was among one of the respected tribes of Mecca.

    Illiteracy was common in the pre-Islamic era; not many knew how to read or write and would rely solely on memory. Hazrat Umar however, was among the few who had learnt to read and write in his youth. He Accept islam.
    Hazrat Umarra embracing Islam gave confidence and granted power to the Muslims in Mecca.
    The many services Hazrat Umarra rendered as the Khalifa are reflections of his life as a successful leader.

  8. yaseen chandio

    Now the here i am going to tell something about Hazrat Umar farooq (R.A) in this message. There are lots of things which can be describe him and can learn about his early life, Hazrat Umar farooq was born in Mecca to the Banu Adi clan, which was responsible for the arbitration among the tribes.His father was Khattab ibn Nufayl and his mother was Hantama bint Hisham.from the tribe of Banu Makhzum. In his youth he used to tend to his father’s camels in the plains near Mecca. His merchant father was famed for his intelligence among his tribe. Hazrat Umar farooq himself said: that “My father, Al-Khattab was a ruthless man. He used to make me work hard; if I didn’t work he used to beat me and he is used to work me to exhaustion.Despite literacy being uncommon in pre-Islamic Arabia, Umar learned to read and write in his youth. Though not a poet himself, he developed a love for poetry and the literature According to the tradition of Quraish, while still in his teenage years, hazrat umar farooq learned martial arts, horse riding and wrestling. He was tall, physically powerful and a renowned wrestler.

  9. […] Hazrat Umar Farooq (RA), Second Caliph of Islam – Biography […]

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