Structure of COVID-19 – How does it get into Human Body? | Scholarly article

Structure of COVID-19

To understand the Structure of COVID-19, let’s first look at the little background of its origin. Coronavirus-2 was originated in Wuhan, a smaller city in the Hubei Province of China. It then spread to the other parts of the world, and in March 2020, it was declared a pandemic by WHO. The Structure of COVID-19 is consist of various protein enzymes. These are namely, Spike Glycoprotein or S-Protein, Positive-Sense RNA Strand and N (Nucleus) Protein, Envelope, M or Membrane Protein, E or Envelope Protein. As you may see in the…

How does USA differ from other countries in its approach to healthcare insurance coverage? What are Medicare and Medicaid?

Medicare and Medicaid

Whats are the concepts of Medicare and Medicaid? How does USA differ from other countries in its approach to healthcare insurance coverage? This will all be discussed and briefly explained in this post. The country that is awarded to spend the most on health each year by far is The United States. The USA has a health care system that is varied and unique among the other high-income countries as it is not a universal health coverage system. If we look into the practical approaches that how people react against…

Co-insurance, Out-Of-Pocket Expenses, Private Insurance, & Public Insurance

Co-insurance, Out-Of-Pocket Expenses, Private Insurance, & Public Insurance

In this article, four concepts of the healthcare insurance systems including Co-insurance, Out-Of-Pocket Expenses, Private Insurance, & Public Insurance are discussed and explained briefly. Let’s get started with the definition of Co-Insurance in terms of healthcare insurance system followed globally.   Co-insurance in terms of healthcare insurance system A percentage of the costs of care that an insured patient has paid out-of-pocket is called Co insurance. Out-Of-Pocket Expenses in terms of healthcare insurance system The costs for medical care which are not supposed to be reimbursed by insurance are called…

Common Problems Encountered During Production of Recombinant Proteins and their Solutions

Production of Recombinant Proteins

Introduction Recombinant Protein Recombinant protein is a modified form of protein, which is generated in many ways to produce large quantities of proteins, alter gene sequences and produce useful commercial products. The formation of recombinant protein is carried out in specialized vehicles known as vectors. Recombinant protein is a protein encoded by a gene — recombinant DNA — that has been cloned in a system that supports the expression of the gene and the translation of messenger RNA. Proteins co-expressed in bacteria will not have post-translational modifications, e.g. phosphorylation or…

Bioprocessing of VLPs used in vaccine production

Bioprocessing of VLPs used to produce veccines

History of VLPs: (As compounds of advanced vaccine Strategies) Bioprocessing of VLPs | Gofrixty | Previous to 1969 anti-viral vaccines were either derived from inactivated viruses such as rabies vaccine, attenuated strains of pathogenic wild type viruses such as (yellow fever or poliovirus) or they were using non-pathogenic viral strains to persuade a defending immune response against pathogen family members like a vaccine of smallpox containing harmless vaccinia virus. Since then particles based on HBsAg were firstly revealed in the blood samples of patients infected with HBV and soon were…

What is Deductible & Copay in terms of healthcare insurance system?

What is Deductible & Copay

Both deductible & Copay are key terms to understand as they have wide use in the healthcare insurance system globally. The concepts of both the terms are discussed below in their respective headings. Deductible in terms of healthcare insurance system The amount that must be spent by an insured person out-of-pocket on health care every year, in addition to the extra premium, well before the insurance company starts to pay for health care services is called Deductible. Keep Reading: What is Universal Health Coverage? What is health system? What is…

What is pooled risk in terms of healthcare insurance system?

pooled risk in terms of healthcare insurance system definition and concept explanation

The health insurance systems that could be both, private or public, and are funded on the basis of the principle of pooled risk, which assumes that if there are a few high-risk people and a lot of low-risk people all pay premiums to the insurance system over many years, then there will be a pot of money that could be used to pay for the illnesses and injuries in case they occur. The whole concept is called Pooled risk in terms of the healthcare insurance system. Van Thompson defines pooled…

What is meant by the term Universal Health Coverage?

Universal Health Coverage

When everyone in a particular country has access to high-quality health care services that also includes diagnosis of disease, preventive care, treatment, and rehabilitation as well is called Universal Health Coverage (UHC). When every individual is protected from major health-related financial shocks through a financing system that is tax-based or simply a health insurance plan, we say that UHC is present in that population. The United Nations Organization working so effectively in the same mission to ensure that every individual can access the good quality of health services without facing…

What is a health system? Its major components or Building blocks | Global Health Financing

Global health financing health system and its major components

The health system is providing quality services to the people who require them at any particular time. These systems vary from country to country, but ultimately the adjoins to meet at the point of order of fulfilling the batter services to provide good health to individuals at the end. The Health system also includes utilization of facilities, qualification of experts, medicines, and technology in order to deliver good health care services. An Important Topic ✒ What is Capital Market: What’s the purpose of the capital market in business world? By…

4 helpful tips to avoid toxic people in your life in 2021

4 tips to avoid toxic people by zainab kazmi

Toxic people are the most annoying individuals one could surround. They impart such a negative impact to one’s life. Such people drain your energy of being productive and waste your brain cell fighting the depression they cause in one’s life. People who tend to run their business and want to be successful in their lives. They must avoid surrounding themselves with negative people. Because such people never let you live in peace and would let you be successful in your life. Also read Successful People – 10 Habits To Adopt…